An interview with Sergey Chernyshev of TsAGI about the 2020 project; I previously thought that this would simply be an airplane project, but it seems that it is something more interesting: http://www.aviaport.ru/digest/2013/10/21/266123.html Google translation with some fixes: The Executive Director of the Central Institute Aerohydrodynamic. Professor NE Zhukovsky (TsAGI) Sergey Chernyshev told the "News" on the project of the future - "Airplane 2020." - Sergey Leonidovich, which is a project of "The plane-2020"? - "Airplanes 2020" - the code name of the state contract that we signed with the Ministry of Industry. It will last until 2015. We TSAGI serving as head performer, although this work we immediately agreed to do in partnership with the main potential consumer of the results - the United Aircraft Corporation (UAC). At first glance it may seem that the project "Airplane 2020" aims to create a plane that has to climb into the sky in 2020, but this is not the case. "The plane-2020" - is primarily a technological basis of the aircraft of the future, then there is a certain set of innovative technologies that are at the turn of 2020 will form the basis of a new competitive domestic aircraft. - What will be the concrete result of this work? - We want to work out some potentially attractive market for future aircraft concepts, or, in other words, the technology demonstrators. - There is a belief that "the aircraft-2020" will be in demand in the market? - Monitoring of market trends will be carried out throughout the three years of the project. These tasks are mainly engaged in the UAC. - What market niches found most promising? - We consider the multiple market niches: in wide-body aircraft segment explores options for long-haul and medium-haul, single-aisle segment interesting options for a capacity of about 130 and 220 seats, which will complement the range of domestic aircraft Sukhoi Superjet 100 (SSJ 100) and MS-21. We also consider the concept of a new regional jet, the new transport aircraft, as well as a supersonic business jet. All niches have their own characteristics. For example, is important for long-haul efficiency and speed at cruising area. Here we have, in addition to the traditional layout of the fuselage, wing, consider a non-traditional layout "flying wing". This scheme allows a 20-25% improve aerodynamic efficiency, reduce resistance for the same weight. For regional aircraft, flying at close range, on the contrary, the speed is not so important. But the big difference here is fuel efficiency and therefore profitability to ensure the availability of transport. Also, all the more important for this class of aircraft are environmental requirements. Therefore, as one of the options we are considering regional turboprop aircraft machine. But it is important for the transport plane, so that he can use for short take-off and landing, and sometimes unpaved strip. - There is much said about the use of composites in aircraft construction. You are working in this direction? - The new domestic aircraft MS-21, which should reach the market in 2017, the first time used to create a composite wing. This allowed to increase the wing aspect ratio and thus improve the aerodynamics. The experimental wing now produced in Austria, our TSAGI them from there delivered to the test. In the subsequent production of the wings of the Russian company will "Aerocomposite" now under construction on new plants in Ulyanovsk and Kazan. Subject composites will be reflected in the project "The plane-2020." - You mentioned the supersonic aircraft. We are talking about the revival of the Tu-144? - Not really. The Tu-144 was designed for about 150 passengers and weighed about 200 tons Today we are talking about a new generation of supersonic aircraft, which from the point of view of the market will be in a niche business aviation. It is an expensive machine, focused on wealthy people for whom time is important. In the framework of the project "The plane-2020" we consider supersonic aircraft flying at cruising speed 1.8-2M, which is about twice the speed of sound. This speed is a technological barrier for use in a conventional aluminum airframe materials. If fly at a faster rate, the aircraft will be heated so that the aluminum starts to lose its strength properties. Other technological barrier is the use of jet engines. Up to 3M can use regular turbojet engines, and at higher speeds, they cease to be effective. It is necessary to use the so-called ramjet engine. It has been over 40 years since the establishment of the Tu-144, which, along with the Anglo-French Concorde was the first generation supersonic passenger aircraft. From these machines refused for reasons of efficiency (supersonic flight of more than subsonic), as well as the problems associated with the sonic boom. We have made progress in supersonic technology and better understand how to look like a supersonic jet. There are serious developments to reduce the sonic boom. As we work together with JSC "Company" Sukhoi "already offered images of supersonic aircraft weighing about 50 tons, representing business jets. Study is under 100-ton supersonic aircraft. - It is known that the SSJ 100 was created in international cooperation and there are a lot of foreign components. The same applies to the MS 21. Recur if the story was a "plane-2020"? - We need to create a competitive plane, it's the main thing. Therefore, providers are able to offer competitive systems for aircraft, should be involved in its creation. When you create a plane and we have a serious organizational problem - after the plane is created, it is necessary to certify, not only in Russia but also abroad. Certification agencies in Europe and the United States have always supported their business. Therefore, if the vendor is reputable among businesses of this region, this certification is a lot easier. SSJ 100 certification in Europe took place in record time thanks to the fact that a number of suppliers of critical systems such as avionics, landing gear, control system, were European. Today, there are instances when our companies - suppliers of specific systems or subsystems compete with Western. For example, the Ulyanovsk Instrument Design Bureau delivers display systems for aircraft. This system of category "A" if it fails, the plane will fly blindly. This company has won the tender for the supply of display systems for the MS-21, the company Thales. In the case of the aviation industry is gradually improving, and I am confident that our companies can and should be providers of a first and second levels for our aircraft manufacturers.