From current rates to about 3 children per Russian woman on average? Any ideas? I'm talking most of Russia in general. Meaning both rural areas and urban areas. Or is that a pipe dream? Like can TFR be raised among many Russians despite differences in SES (Socio-Economic Status), Religion, Urban/Rural and stuff? Or is it better to just concentrate on certain groups? Natalist subsidies and policies don't work in developed countries because people are stubborn, and individualistic. If they want children, they want it desperately. If they don't, they don't want it at all.