That's what I would advise anyone wishing to live and work in Russia for a number of years. I have a "permanent" permit, although it has to be re-registered every 5-years. Before being granted the permanent one, I had to apply for a temporary one that was valid for 3 years. I've had a residency permit for 9 years now. I never suffered a culture shock when I first came here and have no intentions of leaving this country. So why not opt for full citizenship? Truth is, I simply didn't change my citizenship so as to ensure that any offspring of mine would have dual nationality. However, I shouldn't imagine that my wife wishes to bear yet another child; my 3 children have both British and Russian citizenship, so why not go the whole hog now and become a Russian citizen? After all, I have only returned to the UK five times for very brief visits over the past 20 years and am not particularly enamoured with the place. I guess I just hang on to my British citizenship for the same reason that I wished my children to have it: more flexibility and less hassle visa-wise when travelling. For example, last November,we all went to visit Euro-Disney in France and there was no necessity, of course, for my children and me to apply for a French visa. After suggesting to my children that we visit Disney-world in Florida, they were delighted to learn that because of their British citizenship, they needn't apply for a US visitor's visa. Problem is, though, that my wife only has Russian citizenship. She could travel to France with us without a visa last November because she is the spouse of an EU citizen. However, this rule does not apply if she wishes to travel to the UK with me: in that case she has to get a visitor's visa - just another irritating example of British EU exceptionalism and bureaucracy. Well, if we go to Florida, we can always leave her here, I suppose. Now how the hell do I remedy that error in the thread title caused by my pressing the Latin key for "H" that has resulted instead of the Cyrillic key for "H" and which has resulted in "гражданира"?